HIV is usually spread by engaging in sexual relations or sharing needles with somebody who is infected with the virus. To decrease your danger of infection, utilize condoms accurately when engaging in sexual activities.
During the past, a few people got HIV in the wake of accepting a blood transfusion or organ transplant from a donor with HIV. Today, the chances of getting infected are low as donated blood and organs are carefully examined.
HIV cannot be transmitted by coming into contact with an infected person. For instance from a hug, or a handshake, or a kiss. What’s more, you can’t get HIV by coming into contact with items, for example, dishes, doorknobs, or utensils utilized by an HIV-infected person.
Expectant mothers who are infected with HIV, take drugs amid pregnancy to lessen the danger of passing HIV to their children. The babies additionally get HIV medication after birth for six weeks. The HIV solution diminishes the danger of contamination from any HIV that may have entered an infant’s body amid labor. The following are some of the major methods used in HIV prevention.
Use of Condom
It is important to protect your partner by using condoms effectively each time you have intercourse. Indeed, even somebody who is taking HIV medication can transmit HIV to their spouse. So regardless of the fact that you are taking HIV medication, it’s still vital to utilize condoms.
Post Exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) involves the administration of HIV medication to decrease the danger of HIV infection not long after coming into contact with HIV. PEP might be utilized, for instance, after someone engages in sex without a condom with a partner who has HIV or if a health care worker is exposed to the virus in their working environment. For the PEP to work, it must be administered within three days of HIV exposure. The HIV medication is then taken every day for 28 days.
Avoid sharing piercing objects
If safety procedures are not being observed, medical specialists can likewise be at danger of HIV exposure from cuts by sharp objects or needles that have contaminated blood on it. In any case, the risk of infection to a health care worker is low in many nations. It is important for a health care worker to be careful in the workplace, for example, securely discarding sharp objects.
Faithfulness among partners
If you have multiple partners, then you are at a high risk of getting infected. You could also catch some other sexually transmitted disease (STD) in the process. These two factors will increase your chances of getting the infection. If you have different sexual partners, you should get tested for HIV frequently.